Including some of the most popular stamps in the world Chinese philately has grown in stature alongside the country itself. Chinas first postage stamps were issued by the Municipality of Shanghai in 1865 the first stamps for the entire Empire were issued in 1878. Until the mid-1910s stamp issuing policy was relatively straightforward and despite some overprinted surcharges the stamps are beautiful and easy to identify, some very rare stamps were issued during this period including a series known as the “Red Revenues” where previous unissued revenue stamps were overprinted for postage. Local uprisings saw stamps variously overprinted between the 1910s – 1930s as currencies devalued. The early 1930s saw somewhat primitive stamps issued by breakaway Communist areas which are highly collectable. Following the defeat of the Japanese Invasion a wide range of different local unique and overprinted stamps were issued as Nationalists vied with Communists for territory and the first stamps for the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) were issued in 1949.