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Sudan



FIRST STAMPS USED Egypt 1867.

FIRST STAMPS ISSUED March 1897. As independent republic 15 September 1956.


CURRENCY

1897, Egyptian.
1956, 1,000 milliemes = 100 piastres = £1 Sudanese.



The dynasty in Egypt laid claim to territories to the south as far as they were explored, appointing governors-general in Khartoum and later also in Equatoria. Their Sudanese armies penetrated as far as Uganda and Harar, and in 1875 even landed an expedition near Kismayu on the east coast of Africa until warned off by strong British opposition. The rise of Sudanese resistance under the Mahdi put an end to Egyptian dreams in the south. After the reoccupation in 1898, the Sudan became an Anglo- Egyptian condominium. After an interim period of self-government from 1954, on 1 January 1956 the country became the independent republic of Sudan.


Postal History
Egyptian POs were set up in Suakim and Kassala c. 1867; in Wadi Haifa, Khartoum, Berber and Dongola by 1873, and probably elsewhere by 1877. The system made use of camel post and Nile steamer.


General Gordon extended the postal runner system to the farthest points of his Equatorial province but kept his posts offical and free of payment, so that no stamps were needed south of Khartoum. Letters from Gordon and others from Equatoria are known franked at and forwarded from Khartoum. Services were curtailed between 1882 and 1884 by the Mahdist War until the reconquest (1897-8). The postal service was run by the military (but with civil cancellation) until 1903. The characteristic 'retta' oblit. was used on mail collected from rural agencies. TPOs (steamer and railway) have continued to be a feature of the service.



Egypt and Sudan pre 1900
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  • ANDORRA - FRENCH POST OFFICES 1931-2010 impressive fine mint collection in a DAVO printed album, includes 1931 overprints on France set complete to 5fr, 1932-43 pictorials with an apparently complete range with shades to 50fr (65 stamps), 1935 20c on 50c, 1936-42 Arms complete set (2c is used), 1944-51 pictorials set of 38 to 50fr (both shades), 1955-58 Pictorials set of 19, 1963-64 History sets, 1964 Red Cross, then an apparently complete run for Postage issues from 1966 onwards to the end of 2009. The collection then continues with Air Post stamps incl 1955-57 100fr, 200fr, and 500fr set (the 500fr is NHM), and 1961-64 set, miniature sheets, and Postage Dues incl 1931-32 set of 8, 1937-41 set of 4, 1943-46 set of 11, 1946-59 set of 10, 1961 set of 4, and 1964 set, etc. There are a few used stamps here and there, but with lovely fresh condition throughout. (approx 940 stamps plus 5 mini-sheets and 17 booklets)

    ANDORRA - FRENCH POST OFFICES 1931-2010 impressive fine mint collection in a DAVO printed album, includes 1931 overprints on France set complete to 5fr, 1932-43 pictorials with an apparently complete range with shades to 50fr (65 stamps), 1935 20c on 50c, 1936-42 Arms complete set (2c is used), 1944-51 pictorials set of 38 to 50fr (both shades), 1955-58 Pictorials set of 19, 1963-64 History sets, 1964 Red Cross, then an apparently complete run for Postage issues from 1966 onwards to the end of 2009. The collection then continues with Air Post stamps incl 1955-57 100fr, 200fr, and 500fr set (the 500fr is NHM), and 1961-64 set, miniature sheets, and Postage Dues incl 1931-32 set of 8, 1937-41 set of 4, 1943-46 set of 11, 1946-59 set of 10, 1961 set of 4, and 1964 set, etc. There are a few used stamps here and there, but with lovely fresh condition throughout. (approx 940 stamps plus 5 mini-sheets and 17 booklets)

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  • CAYMAN ISLANDS - 1907 ½d on 5s salmon & green surcharge, SG 18, fine never hinged mint, very fresh, expertized Gebr. Senf.

    CAYMAN ISLANDS - 1907 ½d on 5s salmon & green surcharge, SG 18, fine never hinged mint, very fresh, expertized Gebr. Senf.

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